Congratulations for the successful completion of your first trimester. Now you are entering the 2nd trimester, you will start seeing physical changes in your body like bigger belly, baby movements inside your womb. Here is the list of do’s and don’ts that will help you with your second trimester.
- Start with a prenatal exercise class:
Start with a pregnancy friendly workout and this class can be a great way to bond with and get support from other moms to be.
- Start moisturising your belly:
Due to sudden weight gain you will develop thin, pink, red or purples lines on different parts of the body. Though they can’t be prevented, moisturising your skin will help reduce itchiness.
- Do some financial planning:
Having a child means getting ready for new expenses, so start saving for your child.
- Do visit the dentist and get the teeth cleaned
Pregnancy causes hormonal changes that make a woman’s gums more sensitive to bacteria so it is highly recommended to get your teeth cleaned during pregnancy. If you have bleeding gums then do visit the dentist at the earliest as the bacteria from mouth can get into your bloodstream with the gum’s blood and may affect the foetus.
- Start sleeping on your side:
Prefer sleeping on your let side as it may improve blood flow to your placenta and reduce swelling. To make side sleeping comfortable you can place a pillow between your legs, under your hips, or behind your back.
- Spend time with your partner:
Spend quality time with your partner, and write down things which you love about each other or go for a stroll while holding hands.
- Eat healthy:
It is necessary to have a healthy and a balanced diet during this trimester as the protein requirement for baby’s growth is quite high this time. The sources of protein include fish, chicken, egg, milk and milk products, soy products, legumes etc. Have colourful fruits and vegetables so that the vitamins and minerals requirement is also met. Have adequate amount of calcium as it is necessary for teeth and bone development of the baby. Have small frequent meals to prevent heartburn and constipation during this time. Avoid spicy and acidic food as much as you can and have more fibre in your diet and drink plenty of water.
- Drink plenty of water:
Drink plenty of water (approx. 8-10 glasses) and if you are doing light activity add 3-4 glass of water more to your intake. Do monitor the colour of your urine, darker colour urine indicates additional requirement of water.
- Take power nap in between:
Take a nap in between to restore your energy levels as your body is more exhausted than ever during this phase. So take a 15-20 minutes power nap whenever possible.
- Carry healthy snacks:
During pregnancy you have huge amount of cravings so carry some roasted snacks, like roasted chana, murmura, biscuits etc
- Track your weight:
The weight gain should be at a steady pace. Abrupt/ inconsistent weight gain can affect baby adversely. For optimal growth of your baby you should gain about 2kg every month in 2nd trimester.
- Go for regular check-ups
Do visit your gynaecologist once a month during the second trimester. Let your doctor know right away if you notice any bleeding, sudden swelling in your hands and face or experience constant stomach pain. Around 20 weeks of your pregnancy get the mid-pregnancy ultrasound done to check the growth of your baby.
- Wear comfortable clothes:
Don’t wear tight, uncomfortable clothes as they may slow down your circulation, and can aggravate your pregnancy related heartburn and increase your risk of vaginal yeast infections. Shop for some comfortable pregnancy clothes and don’t exert your body.
- Don’t sleep on your back:
Sleeping on your back can cause your uterus to press on your spine and major blood vessels which can cause lower back pain, shortness of breath, and can even block the blood flow to your baby. It is best advised to sleep on your left side.
- Don’t wear high heels:
As your pregnancy progresses avoid wearing high heels because with increase in your weight and change in your body shape the centre of gravity also changes. This can make it harder for you to walk steadily increasing your risk of a fall. Hence it is advisable to wear comfortable sandals or shoes with proper arch support.
- Don’t smoke or drink alcohol:
Passive and active smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of health and behavioural problems in the baby and is linked to infant mortality. Chewing tobacco during pregnancy decreases the gestational age at birth and decreases birth weight. Alcohol can cross the placenta and reach your baby’s bloodstream. It is known to cause a range of health problems from behavioural disorders and impaired IQ to facial disfigurement in unborn babies.
- Don’t get stressed:
Abnormal stress which makes you sad and unhappy should be avoided as it can affect the unborn baby’s health. Stress and depression stimulate the production of certain chemicals and hormones in your body that can constrict blood vessels and decrease oxygen supply to the uterus and affect your baby’s growth.
- Don’t take any medication unless necessary:
Medicines taken by you can cross the placenta and enter the bloodstream of your baby. Hence it’s best to know the safety of any medications you’re taking during pregnancy.
- Limit your caffeine intake:
Excessive intake of caffeine can affect baby’s organs, growth and development. So do limit your caffeine intake.